Sri Lanka nature
Sri Lanka is a land where its nature is most definitely one of its main attractions. There are many natural wonders in Sri Lanka to explore and enjoy. The island’s national parks protect native fauna and flora, with many endemic species found nowhere else on Earth. Sri Lanka is home to leopards, elephants, sloth bears, water buffalo, blue whales and sperm whales, as well as the largest nesting site for sea turtles in the world at Kosgoda beach.
Sri Lanka is a land where its nature is most definitely one of its main attractions.
Sri Lanka is a land where its nature is most definitely one of its main attractions. Sri Lanka offers an amazing variety of landscapes and environments, from high mountains to lowlands and deep rivers winding their way through lush tropical forests.
If you're going to visit one nature reserve in Sri Lanka, make it this one. It's the last remaining lowland rainforest in Sri Lanka and home to several rare and endangered species, including frogs, butterflies and birds. The area is protected by the Sri Lankan government but tourists are allowed to visit with special permission from the Department of Wildlife Conservation.
Horton Plains National Park.
Horton Plains National Park is one of the most popular destinations in Sri Lanka. The park is located in the central highlands of Sri Lanka and has a large variety of flora and fauna. The park has several hiking trails, which are great for beginners as well as seasoned hikers. If you're looking for an adventure that doesn't require much effort, this national park is right up your alley!
Yala National Park.
Yala National Park is the oldest national park in Sri Lanka and is home to the largest elephant population in Sri Lanka. Yala National Park is also home to one of the largest leopard populations in Sri Lanka as well as having a good number of crocodiles.
Knuckles Mountain Range.
As the highest point in Sri Lanka and one of its most popular hiking destinations, Pidurutalagala is also home to various endemic species. These include wild dogs, leopards, and flying squirrels—all of which can be seen in this range.
The Knuckles Mountain Range is named after a giant who was said to have had knuckles as big as mountains. The giant would use his hands (and his knuckles) to swat away anyone who dared challenge him or his village.
Wilpattu National Park.
Wilpattu National Park is located in the northeast of Sri Lanka. Covering an area of over 6,000 hectares (15 square miles), Wilpattu is a wetland and one of the most important wildlife reserves in Sri Lanka. The name "Wilpattu" means “tiger pond” in Sinhalese language. It was declared a national park in 1951 by the Government of Sri Lanka to preserve its native flora and fauna as well as many endangered species such as elephants.
The park is also home to various species of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians and fish including monitor lizards and crocodiles which are found near water sources like streams or ponds within Wilpattu National Park
Udawalawe National Park.
In Udawalawe National Park, you can spot the Asian elephant, Sri Lankan sambar deer and wild boar. The park also offers a variety of other wildlife including crocodiles. Udawalawe is located in the southeast of Badulla District close to Yala National Park. It's name means 'Seat of the Moon'. The park was created in 1937, and covers an area of about 1,148 square kilometers (443 sq mi).
Kumana Bird Sanctuary (Yala East).
Kumana Bird Sanctuary is a protected area in eastern Sri Lanka. It covers the southwestern coast of Yala National Park, and includes the island of Kumana and its surrounding waters. The sanctuary was declared in 1961 and has an area of 449 hectares (1,040 acres). It is one of only two bird sanctuaries in Sri Lanka, with the other being Dehiwala Zoo in Colombo.
The sanctuary contains over 170 species of birds as well as crocodiles, monitor lizards and other reptiles. The best time to see birds at Kumana is during the breeding season from January to May; during this period many migratory birds stop by on their way back north or south following their wintering grounds further south or north respectively.
Anuradhapura Archaeological Site.
Anuradhapura is a city in Sri Lanka, located 80 kilometres north of Colombo. It was the capital of Sri Lanka until the 13th century, when it was replaced by Polonnaruwa. The city lies 236 metres above sea level on the Anuradhapura River and is built on a series of low plateaus divided by valleys.
Anuradhapura was founded in 377 BC by Prince Pandukabhaya of Anuradhapura, who had defeated his brother for control of their father’s kingdom.
Galle Fort and Lighthouse.
The Galle Fort and Lighthouse are located in the southern city of Galle, which dates back to the 16th century. The fort was built by the Portuguese as a fortress in 1588. It acts as a popular tourist attraction and is surrounded by a moat, high wall, and two bastions that can be accessed via drawbridges.
Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage Sanctuary.
Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage Sanctuary is a must-see attraction on your tour of Sri Lanka. Here you can get up close to orphaned elephants and even bathe them.
The sanctuary is located just outside of the town of Pinnawala, which has a population of over 100,000 people. From Colombo it’s about two hours by train or bus; the journey itself makes for some great scenery and photo opportunities along the way! Once you arrive at Pinnawala train station or bus stop, it’s only about 10 minutes by tuktuk (a motorized three-wheeled vehicle) to reach the elephant orphanage itself. The entrance fee is $5 USD per person; children under 5 years old get in free but need their own ticket if they want access inside as well. You can also bring food items like biscuits or bananas which are fed to all animals here—not just elephants—so make sure you have some snacks with you when visiting!
When visiting an elephant orphanage one thing that I found fascinating was how gentle these massive creatures were towards humans despite living in captivity their entire lives without ever having had contact with other members from its species; however there were signs around explaining why this might be so such as being kept confined in small spaces since birth until release into larger enclosures once fully grown up
There are many natural wonders in Sri Lanka to explore and enjoy
There are many natural wonders in Sri Lanka to explore and enjoy. Sri Lanka is a land where its nature is most definitely one of its main attractions. The country's rich biodiversity makes it a paradise for all who love wildlife, and you'll find plenty of animals here to see, from elephants to leopards, even crocodiles!
What follows is a list of some of the best National Parks and other protected areas in Sri Lanka:
Sinharaja Forest Reserve
Horton Plains National Park
Adam's Peak (Sri Pada)
Yala National Park
Knuckles Mountain Range
For those interested in ancient history too, there are plenty of archaeological sites that can be visited alongside your nature trips — Polonnaruwa or Sigiriya being two examples.
Having taken a look at just some of the wonderful natural places in Sri Lanka, it’s clear that this is a country with an abundance of natural beauty. From the beaches to the mountains and all that’s in between, Sri Lanka is truly blessed with an immense variety of magnificent nature. If you want to experience some true natural wonders then this is definitely a country for you!